Carolina Fly Fishing Club
Welcome to the Carolina Fly Fishing Club!
AUGUST MONTHLY MEETING
OPEN WATER FLY FISHING
FOR STRIPERS AND SMALLMOUTH
August 10, 2022
6:30 to 8:30PM
Concord Mills Mall
Caleb will be speaking on how to and where to fly fish for stripers and smallmouth bass in the Southeast. He will center his discussion on two Carolinas lakes, Lake Wateree and Lake James.
Caleb will be donating flies to our raffle. He has a video on YouTube
Should be an exciting night!
PROJECT HEALING WATERS
Jack Costas from Project Healing Waters presents a plaque to Bob Dewey our president.
On Wednesday, March 9th, Project Healing Waters Fly Fishing (PHWFF) presented a Certificate of Appreciation to Bob Dewey, President of Carolina fly Fishing Club (CFFC). John Costa, Program Lead of the Charlotte Project Healing Waters Program, said the Certificate of Appreciation was long overdue.
Costa related that CFFC was the sponsoring organization for the Charlotte PHWFF Program. He went on to say many of the Volunteers in the PHWFF Program are Volunteers and have acted as fishing guides, casting instructors and fly-tying instructors. Besides the human capital, CFFC has also provided financial support for the local PHWFF Program.
What is whirling disease?
Whirling disease is a disease of salmonid fish, the family of fish that includes trout and salmon. The disease is caused by a microscopic parasite known as Myxobolus cerebralis. In an infected fish, the parasite can affect nerves and cause cartilage damage that results in the outward signs of whirling disease, which include abnormal whirling or tail-chasing behavior and sometimes a black tail in younger fish. In older fish, signs may also include deformities to the head or body. These abnormal behaviors make the fish more susceptible to predation and make it harder for it to find food. Severe whirling disease infections can kill trout, but fish with no visible signs of disease may still carry the disease.
Where is whirling disease found?
The parasite that causes whirling disease (Myxobolus cerebralis) was introduced to North America from Europe, where it’s native. It was first discovered in the United States in Pennsylvania in 1956. Since then, it has been reported in numerous states and continues to spread. The presence of the parasite doesn’t always mean whirling disease will cause dramatic population losses. In a number of states, the parasite has been observed only in isolated cases and has had very little noticeable impact. However, the disease can be a serious problem in hatcheries, and in Montana and Colorado, impacts on wild trout populations have been more pronounced. The whirling disease parasite’s range is expanding in the United States and the impacts vary from river to river.
What kinds of fish are susceptible to whirling disease?
All species of trout and salmon can be infected with the parasite, but not all species will develop whirling disease. There is a wide range in susceptibility to the disease. Rainbow Trout and Brook Trout appear to be the most susceptible of trout species in North Carolina. Brown Trout can become infected with the parasite and may carry the disease, but they are much more resistant to the disease and have not been as greatly impacted as Rainbow Trout. Scientists have also found that the age of the fish when first exposed to the parasite is very important. Very young fish are highly susceptible, but after a fish reaches four months old it is fairly resistant to whirling disease.
What will whirling disease do to trout populations in North Carolina?
The parasite that causes whirling disease is established in hundreds of waters across the United States, its presence does not always mean a dramatic population loss. How an outbreak affects a trout population will depend on many factors including water quality, water temperature, and substrate quality. How long has whirling disease been around? Whirling disease was first described in Germany in 1903. It was first detected in the United States in the 1950s and the parasite is now widespread. In the 1990s, national attention was directed at the problem when whirling disease was linked to declines in trout populations in the Intermountain West.
How is whirling disease transmitted?
Whirling disease is transmitted by infected fish and fish parts. It may also be transmitted by birds and anglers can carry the parasite on infected fishing equipment. However, infected fish and fish parts are the main vector for the spread of the disease. A single fish can be infected with many thousands of spores (up to a million or more)! Is there a cure for whirling disease? No, there is no known cure for fish infected with the whirling disease parasite. Whirling disease can be controlled in hatchery environments with careful management. Its effects on wild fish can’t be controlled as easily; prevention is the best option for wild fish. Generally, once the parasite is established in a stream, it is extremely difficult to eradicate. However, there are things that can be done to reduce the impact of the disease. The more that is learned about whirling disease, the better scientists and fisheries managers will be able to deal with it. Can humans get whirling disease? No, whirling disease does not infect humans. Eating an infected fish is not known to cause any harmful effects. Can other kinds of fish or animals get whirling disease? The whirling disease parasite is very specialized and will only infect fish in the trout and salmon family. Other fishes like bass, pike, and catfish cannot become infected by the parasite. Also, mammals like dogs and cats cannot be infected by the parasite.
Tell me more about the whirling disease parasite
The whirling disease parasite Myxobolus cerebralis is a microscopic organism that cannot be seen with the naked eye. Although it was originally classified as a protozoan, the parasite is now considered a very primitive form of animal. What is the parasite’s life cycle? The whirling disease parasite has a complicated life cycle that requires two hosts, one is a small worm and one is a fish. Without these two hosts, the parasite cannot complete its life cycle and will die without multiplying. The worm host of the parasite is called Tubifex tubifex. This worm is very small (about 1/2-inch in length) and is very common and widespread around the world. The fish host is a salmonid fish. During its life cycle, the parasite takes several physical forms that look very different from each other. Two of these are infective spore forms, called the myxospore and the triactinomyxon (TAM). The myxospore is a very small, round, durable spore that infects the Tubifex worm while in the sediment of a stream. Once inside the worm, the parasite multiplies and transforms into the next spore form, the TAM. The TAM is released from the worm into the water column where it floats until it comes into contact with a susceptible fish. The TAM attaches to the fish’s skin and injects the parasite into the fish’s body. Once inside the fish, the parasite travels along the nervous system until it finds its food source, cartilage. Primarily, the parasite moves to the head of the fish and begins to digest cartilage and multiply. Inside the fish, the parasite change form again and becomes a myxospore. When the fish dies, these myxospores are released back into the environment as the skeleton decomposes. The myxospores are then ready to begin the cycle of infection again. What are Tubifex worms? Whirling disease requires two hosts – a worm and a fish. Tubifex worms are the required invertebrate hosts for the parasite. These oligochaete worms are called Tubifex tubifex and are related to the common earthworm. They are very small (about ½-inch in length) and are very common and widespread around the world. They live in sediments of lakes and streams, and thrive in areas with abundant fine sediment and rich organic material. Researchers have tested many kinds of worms and have determined that only Tubifex tubifex can be host to the whirling disease parasite.
How can I prevent the spread of whirling disease?
The parasite that causes whirling disease is an aquatic nuisance species. As with all aquatic nuisance species, there are several steps that can be taken by anglers and the general public to prevent the spread of whirling disease: • Do not transport live fish from one water body to another. Even if a fish looks fine on the outside, it may carry the whirling disease parasite or other pathogens, and can introduce disease. Illegal stockings can result in unwanted introductions that can have irreversible consequences. The Commission requires a stocking permit to stock any fish into North Carolina’s public waters.
• Clean carefully all equipment such as boats, trailers, waders, boots, float tubes, and fins.
Rinse all mud and debris from equipment and wading gear, and drain water from boats before leaving the area where you’ve been fishing. The spores of the whirling disease parasite are known to adhere to these kinds of materials and can potentially be carried on gear from one stream to another. Careful cleaning using disinfectants such as household bleach will kill all forms of the parasite and reduce the risk of spreading this and other aquatic nuisance species. Remember to rinse your equipment thoroughly after using bleach to prevent this chemical from entering bodies of water.
• Dispose of fish parts carefully when cleaning fish.
Dry disposal is best; dispose of the carcass in the garbage, by deep burying, or by total burning. Please do not dispose of fish heads, skeletons or entrails in any body of water. This can spread parasites and disease. Also, don’t discard entrails or heads of fish down a garbage disposal. The whirling disease parasite can survive most water treatment plants and infect areas downstream.
• Contact the Commission if you observe signs of whirling disease in fish.
Information courtesy of Whirling Disease Initiative
A Video About The North Carolina Response
YOU HOOKED YOURSELF WITH A FLY!
Many times a fishing buddy or you will put a hook in a body part. Do you need to quit fishing? Probably not. There are several good YouTube videos out there.
Word of advice, medical professionals caution, never push the hook farther through the body part to cut the barb off. there is a significant risk of tissue damage.
Bear in mind, we are not physicians and have never even played a physician, that's why we fly fish. When in doubt seek competent medical advice.
When and Why?
LYING AND TYING
WE WILL HAVE LYING AND TYING IN AUGUST.
August 16, 2022
Yes, Tuesday, and a new location!!!!
6:30 to 8:30PM
Fort Mill, SC
Nine people attended last month, more have promised to attend this month.
We will have materials for those that do not have their own. Please sign up on the Facebook event page.
Fishing for smallmouths is great this month!
Look below at the NC PAWS map and hit a Blue Line stream. The trout are still biting.
Upcoming Planned Trips
THE FALL NANTAHALA TRIP IS OPEN!
November 10, 11, 12, and 13, 2022
The Whistle Stop Lodge
Arrive Thursday and leave Sunday.
The cost is 150.00 per person. There is a ten person limit.
To sign up email: firstname.lastname@example.org
The annual Spring CFFC spring Nantahala Trip. That's 3 nights and 4 days in some of the best fishing country North Carolina has to offer.
This year the club will be staying with our old friends at the Whistle Stop Lodge in Almond near Fontana Lake. It is 15 minutes from the Nantahala Outdoor Center, 25 minutes from the Delayed Harvest Section of the Nantahala, and 20 minutes from the Tuckaseegee River in Bryson City and the Tuckaseegee Fly Shop. There are many more streams within easy reach, such as Deep Creek, Noland Creek, Oconaluftee River, Cherokee Reservation trophy water, the Tuck at Dillsboro, Snowbird Creek, and many more Hatchery Supported and Wild Trout streams close by.
Actually, more than you could fish in a year.
For more information on where to fish, what flies to use and the current active steams, contact the Tuckaseegee Fly Shop in Bryson City or Sylva. You can also look at on the NC Wildlife Commissions Interactive Fishing Access Map web page to see just how many places there are to fish in the area.
Cost for the entire weekend is $150.00 for 3 nights per person which is Thursday thru Sunday.
We will discuss meal options as we get closer and see how many sign ups we have.
South Carolina has more than great football!
For many of our members, South Carolina remains unexplored. It offers some excellent trout fishing opportunities.
Make a promise to yourself to fish a new location in North Carolina this spring.
Follow this link to adventure.
Every public fishing opportunity is located for your next trip. Find an area of North Carolina you want to explore and zoom in on the prospects. River, lake or pond, are all covered here. Pro tip: Use Google maps separately to explore the terrain and access points.
North Carolina Stocking Schedule
Another awesome trout fishing locator.
Carolina Fly Fishing Club is proud to be a sponsor of a group called “Women On The Fly”.
This group was organized by two of our members, Linda Hickle and Joyce Sheppard who have encouraged membership and participation through the social media site www.MeetUp.com, Rocky River Trout Unlimited events, and Carolina Fly Fishing Club events. Additionally, two ladies from the Women on the Fly leadership team, Kathy Lindenberger and Stephanie Madji are on the CFFC Board of Directors.
The objective of Women on the Fly is to unite women interested in learning about the great opportunities to get into fly fishing in our area. Women of all skill levels and backgrounds are welcome. Women on the Fly has a single gender mission and welcomes everyone interested in promoting women in the sport of fly fishing and helping other ladies along the way. Linda along with other event hosts, invite your membership to attend the Carolina Fly Fishing Club events, other local fly fishing venues, as well as our get togethers just for Women on the Fly.